Guide to the Broadus Bailey French Revolution print collection, 1804

Broadus Bailey French Revolution print C0072


Published by George Mason University Libraries

Contact Information:

Fenwick Library (2FL)

George Mason University

Fairfax, Virginia 22030-4444

USA

Phone: (703) 993-2220

Fax: (703) 993-8911

Email: speccoll@gmu.edu

URL: http://sca.gmu.edu

Descriptive Summary

Repository George Mason University. Special Collections and Archives.
Creator Broadus Bailey
Title Broadus Bailey French Revolution print collection
Date 1804
Physical Characteristics 1.5 linear ft.; 1 box
Abstract Print engravings of the French Revolution by Pierre-Gabriel Berthault (1737-1831). Berthault created the engravings from drawings by Jean-Louis Prieur (1759-1795). These images begin with the Estates General meeting before the Revolution officially begins and continues through until just after King Louis XVI is executed. The images measure approximately 18x24cm to 18x26cm.
Collection number C0072
Language English

Historical Information

The French Revolution began in June 1789 when the Estates-General signed the Tennis Court Oath, pledging to write a constitution. The king worried about their goals and safety, so he sent in the military to keep the peace. On July 11, 1789, King Louis XVI fired his finance minister, Jacques Necker, a favorite of the people. The people thought this meant a coup against the Assembly and began an open rebellion on July 12. On July 14, a Parisian mob stormed the Bastille fortress, a symbol of monarchical tyranny; they killed the governor, Launay, after the cease-fire and paraded his head around on a pike. The turmoil continued until the king went to Paris on July 17 to show his support.

While the National Assembly worked on a new constitution, the economic conditions in France, especially Paris, worsened. Women gathered in the market on October 5 and marched to city hall to have their demands heard. Not happy with the city officials' responses, the women marched to Versailles to see the king. To help calm the women, Lafayette convinced the king to move to Paris with his family. Over the course of the next two years, the National Assembly worked on a constitution. During this time, different factions struggled for power. Just before the constitution was finished in the summer of 1791, the king and his family tried to flee France. They were discovered in Varennes and returned to Paris, where he was forced to agree to a constitutional monarchy.

In another year, another faction would rise to power, abolish the monarchy, and declare a Republic. The new Republic declared a war on Austria and counter-revolutionaries led a resistance movement to the new government. Louis XVI and his family was arrested and Louis and Marie-Antoinette were executed, along with about 40,000 people during the Reign of Terror. The Thermidorian Reaction led to the arrest of Robespierre and an end to the terror. A new constitution was accepted and established the directory. This government saw the end of the revolution and the rise of Napoleon.

Jean-Louis Prieur, called the Young, was born in Paris in 1759 to a sculptor, designer, and engraver. An artist himself, Prieur the Young made more than sixty drawings of episodes of the Revolution, beginning with the unrest before the taking of the Bastille. He was arrested in Year III of the revolution and guillotined in 1795.

Pierre-Gabriel Berthault was born in 1737 and became an engraver. His greatest work was his cooperation with the "Tableaux Historiques". His name appears on over one hundred prints. He was called away to run a printing workshop for the Republic where he oversaw the formidable publication of "Description de l'Égypte". He died in 1831 in Paris.

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Scope and Content

Print engravings of the French Revolution by Pierre-Gabriel Berthault (1737-1831). Berthault created the engravings from drawings by Jean-Louis Prieur (1759-1795). These images begin with the Estates General meeting before the Revolution officially begins and continues through until just after King Louis XVI is executed. Many of the prints illustrate pillaging, massacres, fighting, and important events in the Revolution, such as the taking of the Bastille, Louis moving his family to the Tuileries Palace, Louis XVI's flight to Varennes, and the execution of the King. Many of the key figures of the Revolution to this time can be found in several of the images, including Jacques Necker, King Louis XVI, Lafayette, Mirabeau, Marquis de Favras, and the Marquis de Launey. Some of the 82 prints appear to have been created by an artist other than Berthault, or perhaps appeared in a publication other than "Tableaux Historiques". The images measure approximately 18x24cm to 18x26cm.

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Arrangement

Organized according to numbers found on the images.

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Restrictions

Access Restrictions

Collection is open to research.

Use Restrictions

There are no restrictions.

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Related Material

Liberty, Equality, Fraternity: Exploring the French Revolution by the Center for History and New Media.

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Index Terms

Geographical Names:

France--History--Revolution, 1789-1799.

Document Types:

Engravings.

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Administrative Information

Alternative Form Available

The entire collection is available online through the Broadus Bailey French Revolution Print Digital Collection.

Preferred Citation

Broadus Bailey French Revolution print collection, Collection #C0072, Special Collections and Archives, George Mason University Libraries.

Acquisition Information

Donated by Broadus Bailey in January 2010.

Processing Information

Processed by Stacey Kniatt in 2010. EAD markup completed by Stacey Kniatt in March 2010.

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Contents List

Series 1: Engravings, 1789-1793
Engravings, mostly copperplate, from "Collection complete des tableaux historiques de la revolution francaise". These were engraved by Pierre-Gabriel Berthault (1737-1831) after drawings by Jean-Louis Prieur (1759-1795).
Box Page
1 2 Le peuple déliverant les gardes françaises a l'Abbaye St. Germain, June 30, 1789
Image
The people deliver the French guards to the Abby St. Germain.
3 Motion faite au Palais Royal, par Camille Desmoulins, July 12, 1789
Image
Motion made at the Palais Royal, by Camille Desmoulins.
4 Le peuple faisant fermer l'Opéra, July 12, 1789
Image
The people working to close the Opera.
5 Les gardes françaises sauvant Mr. Du Chatelet, leur colonel, de l'effervescence populaire, July 12, 1789
Image
The French guards saving Mr. Du Chatelet, their colonel, from popular turmoil.
6 Les bustes de Mrs. d'Orléans et Necker portés a la Place Louis XV, July 12, 1789
Image
The busts of Madame Orléans and Necker carried to the Place Louis XV.
6 Incendie du corps de garde sur le Pont Neuf, August 29, 1788
Image
Burning of the guardhouse on the Pont Neuf.
7 Mr. de Lambesc entrant aux Tuileries, avec un détachement de Royal-Allemand, July 12, 1789
Image
Mr. Lambesc entering the Tuileries with a detachment of the Royal German army.
8 Action entre Royal-Allemand et un détachement des gardes françaises, en face du dépot, July 12, 1789
Image
Action between Royal German guards and a detachment of French guards, across from the depot.
9 Fusillade au Fauxbourg Antoine, April 28, 1789
Image
**This one looks different from the rest and has a paragraph explanation to go with it; different artist too** Gunfire at Fauxbourg Antoine.
9 Les troupes du Champ de Mars partant pour la Place Louis XV, July 12, 1789
Image
Troops of the Champ de Mars leaving for the Place Louis XV.
10 Barriere de la conférence incendiée, July 12, 1789
Image
Barrier of the conference on fire.
11 Paris gardé par le peuple, night of July 12 and 13, 1789
Image
Paris guarded by the people.
12 Pillage de la maison de St. Lazare, Monday, July 13, 1789
Image
Looting of the maison St. Lazare.
13 Pillage des armes au garde meuble, Monday, July 13, 1789
Image
Looting of weapons in storage.
14 Prise des armes aux Invalides, Morning of July 14, 1789
Image
Taking weapons from the Invalides.
15 Mort de M. de Flesselles prévôt des marchands de Paris, July 14, 1789
Image
Death of Mr. de Flesselles, mayor of Paris.
16 Prise de la Bastille, July 14, 1789
Image
Taking the Bastille.
17 Arrestation de Mr. De Launay, gouverneur de la Bastille, July 14, 1789
Image
Arrest of Mr. De Launay, governor of the Bastille.
18 Alerte de la nuit, July 14 and 15, 1789
Image
Alert the night.
19 Canons de Paris portes à Montmartre, July 15, 1789
Image
Parisian cannons taken to Montmartre.
20 Le roi arrivant à l'Hôtel-de-ville, July 17, 1789
Image
The King arrives at the Hotel-de-ville.
21 Supplice de Foulon à la Place de Grève, July 23, 1789
Image
Torture of Foulon at the Place de Grève.
22 Service funèbre des citoyens morts au siège de la Bastille, Discours prononce par l'abbé Fauchet, August 5, 1789
Image
Funeral service of the citizens killed in the siege of the Bastille, Speech delivered by the Abby Fauchet.
23 Bateau de poudre arrêté au Port St. Paul, August 6, 1789
Image
Gunpowder ship stopped at the Port of St. Paul.
24 Canons amenés de Chantilly à Paris, August 9, 1789
Image
Cannons brought from Chantilly to Paris.
25 Besenval conduit dans un vieux château fort, à Brie-Comte-Robert, August 10, 1789
Image
Besenval taken in the old castle-fortress, at Brie-Comte-Robert.
26 Offrandes faites à l'Assemblée Nationale par des dames artistes, September 7, 1789
Image
Offerings made to the National Assembly by women artists.
27 Bénédiction des drappeaux de la garde nationale Parisienne à Notre Dame, September 27, 1789
Image
Blessing the flag of the Parisian national guard at Notre Dame.
28 Orgie des gardes du corps dans la salle de l'opera de Versailles, October 1st, 1789
Image
Orgy of bodyguards in the opera hall of Versailles.
29 Les dames de la halle partant pour aller chercher le roi à Versailles, October 5, 1789
Image
Women of the market leave to go look for the King at Versailles.
30 Le roi promettant de venir à Paris avec sa famille, Salve d'Artillerie devant le Château de Versailles, October 6, 1789
Image
The King promises to come to Paris with his family, Salut of Arms before the Versailles castle.
31 Le roi arrivant à Paris avec sa famille, escorté de plus de trente mille âmes, October 6, 1789
Image
The King arrives in Paris with his family, escorted by more than thirty thousand souls.
32 Mr. la Fayette fait désarmer aux Champs Elisées deux cent soldats, January 12, 1790
Image
Mr. la Fayette has two hundred soldiers disarmed at the Champs-Elysées.
33 Le Commune de Paris décerne une épée et une couronne civique à C.J.W. Nesham anglais, January 15, 1790
Image
The commune of Paris bestows a sword of honor and civic crown to Englishman C.J.W. Nesham.
34 Les frères Agasse allant au supplice, leurs corps rendus à leur famille, February 8, 1790
Image
The brothers Agasse going to torture, their bodies returned to their family.
35 Pillage de l'arcenal de Lyon, February 7, 1790
Image
Pillage of the arsenal of Lyon.
36 Favras, faisant amende honorable en face de l'eglise de Notre Dame, à Paris, February 19, 1790
Image
Favras, does the honorable thing in front of the church Notre Dame, in Paris.
37 Massacre des patriotes de Montauban, May 10, 1790
Image
Massacre of patriots of Montauban.
38 Travaux du Champ de Mars, pour la fédération, July 14, 1790
Image
Work on the Champ de Mars, for the festival of the Federation.
39 Fédération générale faite à Paris, July 14, 1790
Image
Fédération générale made in Paris.
40 Fête exécutée en mémoire de la Fédération générale: Joute sur l'eau, July 18, 1790
Image
Celebration carried out in memory of the Fédération générale: Joust on the water.
41 Fêtes et illuminations aux Champs Elysées, July 18, 1790
Image
Festivities and illuminations at the Champs Elysées
42 Affaire de Nancy. Mort de Désille, August 31, 1790
Image
Nancy affaire. Death of Désille.
43 Pompe funèbre en l'honneur des citoyens soldats morts à Nancy, September 1790
Image
Funeral in honor of the citizen soldiers killed at Nancy.
44 Port de Brest. Insurrection des vaisseaux de Léopard et l'America, September 1790
Image
Port of Brest, insurrection of the vessels Leopard and America.
45 Le maire de Paris, allant au palais, poser les scélés sur les papiers du Parlement, November 1790
Image
The mayor of Paris, going to the palace, to put seals on the papers of Parliament.
46 Pillage de l'Hôtel de Castries, F.B.G. St. Germain à Paris, November 13, 1790
Image
Pillage of the Hotel de Castries, F.B.G. St. Germain in Paris.
47 Massacre à La Chapelle par les chasseurs des barriéres, January 1791
Image
Massacre at La Chapelle by the hunters barriers.
48 Affaire de Vincennes, February 28, 1791
Image
Vincennes affair.
49 Affaire des poignards dans l'intérieur du château des Tuileries, February 28, 1791
Image
Dagger affair inside the Tuileries castle.
50 Pompe funèbre de Mirabeau, April 4, 1791
Image
Mirabeau's funeral.
51 Manequin du Pape, brulé au Palais Royal, April 6, 1791
Image
Effigy of the Pope burned at the Palais Royal.
52 Entrées des barrières libres, May 1st, 1791
Image
Coming in by the open gate.
53 Arrestation de Louis Capet à Varennes, June 22, 1791
Image
The arrest of Louis Capet at Varennes.
54 Retour de Varennes. Arrivée de Louis Capet à Paris, June 25, 1791
Image
Return from Varennes. Arrival of Louis Capet in Paris.
55 Triomphe de Voltaire, July 11, 1791
Image
Triumph of Voltaire.
56 Publication de la loi martiale au Champ de Mars, July 17, 1791
Image
Publication of martial law on the Champ de Mars.
57 Proclamation de la constitution, Place du Marché des Innocens, September 14, 1791
Image
Proclamation of the Constitution, marketplace of the innocent.
58 Mort de l'escuyer dans l'eglise des Cordelliers à Avignon, October 16, 1791
Image
Death of a squire in the church of the Cordelliers in Avignon.
59 Premiere fête de la liberté a l'occasion des Suisses de château-vieux, April 15, 1792
Image
First festival of liberty at the Swiss château-vieux.
60 Mort du Général Dillon dans la ville de Lille, April 29, 1792
Image
Death of General Dillon in the city of Lille.
61 Pompe funèbre en l'honneur de Simoneau marie d'Éstampes, June 3, 1792
Image
Funeral procession in honor of Simoneau, mayor of Éstampes.
62 Le peuple entrant au château des Tuileries, June 20, 1792
Image
The people entering the Tuileries castle.
63 Commémoration de la prise de la Bastille, July 14, 1792
Image
Commemoration of the taking of the Bastille.
64 Prise du camp de Jalès par les patriotes, July 1792
Image
Taking the Jalès camp by the patriots.
65 Proclamation de la patrie en danger, July 22, 1792
Image
Proclamation of the country in danger.
66 Dîner des Marseillais au Champs-Élysées, July 30 1792
Image
Marseillais dinner on the Champs-Elysées.
67 Dix Août 1792. Siege et prise du château des Tuileries, August 10, 1792
Image
Siege and taking of the Tuileries castle.
68 Statue de Louis XIV abatue, Place des Victoires, August 11, 12, 13, 1792
Image
Statue of Louis XIV pulled down, Place des Victoires.
69 Translation de Louis Capet et de sa famille au temple, August 13, 1792
Image
Transfer of Louis Capet and his family to temple.
70 Émigration de La Fayette du camp devant Sedan, August 19, 1792
Image
Emigration of La Fayette from camp outside of Sedan.
71 Prise de Verdun, mort de Beaurepaire, September 2 ,1792
Image
Taking of Verdun, death of Beaurepaire.
72 Massacres des 2, 3, 4, 5 et 6 Septembre 1792, September 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6, 1792
Image
Massacres of September 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6, 1792.
73 Prise de la ville de Spire, September 29, 1792, or 7 Vendémiaire, Year One of the Republic
Image
Taking of the town of Spire.
74 Bombardement de la ville de Lille, first days of October 1792, or 10, 11, 12 Vendemiaire, Year One of the Republic
Image
Bombing of the town of Lille.
75 Victoire de Jemmapes November 6, 1792, or 15 Brumaire Year One of the Republic
Image
Victory of Jemmapes.
76 Assassinat de Basseville, à Rome, January 13, 1793, or 23 Nivôse Year One of the Republic
Image
Assassination of Basseville, in Rome.
77 Assassinat de le Pelletier, Maison de Février restaurateur, January 20 1793, or 30 Nivôse Year One of the Republic
Image
Assassination of le Pelletier, restaurant Maison de Février.
78 Supplice de Louis XVI, Place de la Révolution, January 21, 1793, or 1 Pluviôse Year One of the Republic
Image
Torture of Louis XVI, Place de la Révolution.
79 Bataille de Nerwinde, March 18, 1793, or 28 Ventôse Year One of the Republic
Image
Battle of Neerwinden.
80 Journées des 31 Mai 1er et 2 Juin 1793, 12, 13, and 14 Paririal Year One of the Republic
Image
The days of May 31, June 1 and 2, 1793.
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